Cutis verticis gyrata (CVG) is a rare skin condition that affects the scalp and is characterized by deep folds and ridges that resemble the surface of the brain. This condition is also known as “brain skin” or “cortex cutis verticis gyrata.”
The severity and specific symptoms of CVG can vary from person to person, but some common symptoms include:
Folds and ridges on the scalp: The most noticeable symptom of CVG is the presence of deep folds and ridges on the scalp, which can give the appearance of a brain-like surface. These folds and ridges may be accompanied by thinning hair and scaling of the skin.
Itching: The folds and ridges on the scalp may cause discomfort and itching.
Dryness and cracking: The skin on the scalp may become dry and prone to cracking due to the folds and ridges.
Redness: The folds and ridges on the scalp may become red and inflamed, particularly if they are infected or irritated.
CVG can be caused by various factors, including genetics, hormonal imbalances, and underlying medical conditions. In some cases, the condition may be inherited as an autosomal dominant trait, which means that a person only needs to inherit one copy of the mutated gene from a parent in order to develop CVG. Hormonal imbalances, particularly an excess of testosterone, have also been linked to the development of CVG. Underlying medical conditions such as hormonal disorders, infections, and neurological conditions may also cause CVG.
The diagnosis of CVG is typically made based on a physical examination and the presence of the characteristic folds and ridges on the scalp. A biopsy of the affected skin may also be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment for CVG is focused on managing the symptoms and underlying cause of the condition. This may involve the use of medications to manage underlying medical conditions, such as hormonal imbalances or infections, as well as surgical procedures to remove excess skin and improve the appearance of the scalp. Other treatments, such as topical creams or ointments, proper hair care, and stress management techniques, may also be recommended to manage the symptoms of CVG.
It is important for individuals with CVG to work closely with their healthcare team to develop an appropriate treatment plan. With proper treatment, the symptoms of CVG can be managed and the appearance of the scalp can be improved. It is also important to follow the treatment plan and seek medical attention if the symptoms worsen or if new symptoms develop.